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What is Myopia?

Myopia is the inability to see things clearly unless they’re relatively close to your eyes. Also known as near sightedness or short-sightedness.

A condition in which someone cannot clearly see things that are far away. Your vision tends to be blurry when seeing an object at a distance, but still will be able to see nearby objects clearly.

Myopia is the most common refractive error among children and young adults.

what is myopia in singapore

Who is Commonly Affected with Myopia?

Researchers aren’t sure why Myopia is becoming so common, but many eye doctors attribute it to eye fatigue from close-up work including reading, studying, using computer and portable electronic devices like tablets, smartphones and reduced time spent outdoors.

Myopia tends to run in families. Researcher have discovered at least 24 genetic risk factors for Myopia.

common symptoms of myopia

The most common symptoms of Myopia are squinting, eye strain, headaches and fatigue. The rate of Myopia is increasing rapidly. Presently is about 30% of the world population having near-sighted.

It’s estimated that by the year 2050 roughly 50% of the world population will be near-sighted.

What Is the Cause of Myopia?

Myopia occurs when the eyeball is too long, or the cornea- the protective outer layer of your eye -is too curved, the light that enters your eye won’t focus correctly. Images focus in front of the retina, the light sensitive part of your eye, instead of directly on the retina.

This causes blurred vision. Doctors call this a refractive error.

High Myopia: It’s a more serious form of the condition where the eyeball grows more than it is supposed to and becomes very long front to back. Besides making it hard to see things at a distance, it can also rise your chance of having other conditions like detached retina, cataracts and glaucoma.

what is the cause of myopia

Degenerative Myopia: Also called pathological or malignant myopia. It is a rare type that you usually inherit from parents.

Your eyeball gets longer very quickly and causes severe myopia, usually by the teenage or early adult years.

It might get worse into adulthood. Beside making it hard to see things at a distance, you may have a higher chance of having a detached retina, abnormal blood vessel growth in the eye (choroid neovascularization) and glaucoma.

State A Few Recommendations to Practice Good Eye Care Habits to Prevent the Risk of Getting Myopia:

  • Spend more time outside to reduce eye strain related to using tablets, cell phones and computers.
  • Spending long periods looking at screens can strain the eyes. Using the 20-20.20 rule to prevent eye strain. For every 20 minutes spent looking at a digital screen, a person should look at something 20 feet away for 20 seconds. This is a great way to take frequent breaks to relaxed the eye muscles.
  • Change computer settings – Making text twice as large as usual or reading black text against a white background is easiest on the eyes.
  • Reduce screen glare – Protective anti-glare screens can be applied to computers and eye glasses, to prevent eye problems. Also, flat screens tend to have less glare than curved ones.
  • Adjust the screen’s contrast -Change settings so that the screen is bright enough to read the text without straining.
  • Using eye drops to those having dry eyes.
  • Get enough key vitamins & minerals.
  • Wear protective eye wear.
  • Get regular eye check-ups.
  • Vision therapy to blink more often to moistens your eyes.
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